Windows Server 2022: A cheat sheet

2 weeks ago 15
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Microsoft has conscionable released its astir caller Windows Server platform. Check retired the improved hybrid unreality features, beefed up information and improved enactment for ample on-premises applications.


Image: Stephen Brashear, Getty Images

The latest mentation of the semipermanent enactment merchandise of Windows Server, Windows Server 2022, is present available. It's possibly champion thought of arsenic a continuing improvement of the bid of releases that started with Windows Server 2016, enhancing security, adding improved hybrid cloud capabilities and improving its enactment for the largest on-premises applications. Now successful sync with Windows Azure releases, it's an effectual on-premises level that scales from elemental record and people to moving monolithic information warehouses and large-scale line-of-business applications similar SAP.

SEE: Windows 11 cheat sheet: Everything you request to cognize (free PDF) (TechRepublic)

What is Windows Server 2022?

Windows Server 2022 is the caller semipermanent servicing transmission merchandise of Windows Server for on-premises information centers and virtual machines. The 2 main editions are Standard and Datacenter. While the 2 editions of Windows Server 2022 connection the aforesaid halfway server features that physique connected existing Windows Server functionality, determination are immoderate differences astir however they enactment Hyper-V virtual machines and however they negociate networking and storage.

If you're gathering a virtual infrastructure, past you volition request to take Datacenter, arsenic it adds enactment for unlimited VMs (Standard lone supports two), on with shielded Hyper-V VMs for enhanced isolation and security, and enactment for some software-defined networking and storage.

Both versions enactment the aforesaid acceptable of halfway features:

Windows containers: Unlike virtual machines, containers let for operating system-level virtualization by providing conscionable capable entree to the OS, libraries and underlying resources to big applications successful an isolated user-space.

Active Directory Domain Services: Privileged Access Management (PAM) helps to code the theft of credentials by moving with Microsoft Identity Manager (MIM) to support the Active Directory (AD) wood from accounts with privileged access. Additionally, caller processes are successful spot for requesting administrative entree and monitoring of specified accounts, including the expiring links feature, which limits the administrative model play based connected a specified clip frame.

Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) continues to supply simple, unafraid individuality federation and Single Sign-On (SSO) betwixt ADFS-secured enterprises and spouse organizations. It enables authentication of users stored successful LDAP oregon cloud-based providers.

Hyper-V includes blistery absorption of virtual networking adapters and representation for virtual machines. For security-minded administrators, Datacenter includes shielded virtual machines that minimize tampering with oregon the theft of information and virtual instrumentality states by encrypting some and preventing the inspection of video signals and disks.

Windows Defender: Microsoft's Windows Server Antimalware exertion is installed by default successful Windows Server 2022.

Storage Spaces Direct enables the gathering of high-availability retention from section retention systems, including JBODs stored locally oregon networked arsenic portion of a retention pool.

Minimum strategy requirements stay the same:

  • 1.4 GHz 64-bit processor
  • Compatible with x64 acquisition acceptable
  • Supports NX and DEP
  • Supports CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF and PrefetchW
  • Supports Second Level Address Translation (EPT oregon NPT)
  • 512 MB (2 GB for Server with Desktop Experience installation option)
  • ECC (Error Correcting Code) benignant oregon akin technology, for carnal big deployments
  • An Ethernet adapter susceptible of astatine slightest 1 gigabit per 2nd throughput
  • Compliant with the PCI Express architecture specification
  • UEFI 2.3.1c-based strategy and firmware that supports unafraid footwear
  • Trusted Platform Module 2.0

SEE: A caller Microsoft Store: What does it mean for you and your business? A lot, actually (TechRepublic)

Why does Windows Server 2022 matter?

Windows 10 has been rolling retired a bid of virtualization- and processor-based information updates arsenic portion of its secured halfway initiative, 1 of the reasons for the restricted acceptable of supported processors successful Windows 11. Microsoft is bringing this exemplary to Windows Server 2022 arsenic an optional acceptable of information tools, offering what it's calling Secured-core Server, with secured hardware and firmware from server partners arsenic good arsenic its ain bundle tools. This allows you to usage Credential Guard to support logins and Hypervisor-protected Code Integrity with your applications. At the aforesaid time, it's delivering improvements to web security, upgrading HTTPS enactment to TLS 1.3 and adding improved AES-256 encryption to the file-share SMB protocol.

There are besides important improvements for Azure integration, either arsenic hybrid unreality systems managed by Azure Arc oregon for transferring information betwixt on-premises installations and unreality systems. These see a importantly smaller Server Core installation for usage successful containers oregon arsenic an exertion big VM with distant management. Further improvements successful the Windows Admin Center absorption tooling amended its lawsuit spectator arsenic good arsenic supporting much Azure absorption from your Windows Servers.

Microsoft has besides enhanced Windows Server's scalability options. If you're moving large applications, you present get enactment for 48TB of representation and 2,048 cores connected 64 sockets. Other exertion hosting features see improved Windows instrumentality enactment for usage with Kubernetes applications, including precocious instrumentality networking tools that adhd IPv6 support.

If you're moving Windows Server images successful Azure, you volition get further features, including Azure Automanage, hotpatching for VM images, amended migration options and enactment for SMB implicit the caller QUIC protocol.

When was Windows Server 2022 released?

A preview programme started successful March 2021. General availability of Windows Server 2022 was announced connected 1 September 2021, with a motorboat lawsuit arsenic portion of the Windows Server Summit connected 16 September.

How tin I get Windows Server 2022, and however overmuch does it cost?

Three editions are available: Standard, Datacenter and Essentials. The Datacenter mentation is intended for usage successful large-scale information centers, wherever you request to big and negociate ample fleets of virtual machines. It's typically utilized for ERP systems and for hybrid and backstage clouds arsenic an alternate to tools similar Azure Stack HCI. Standard is the acquainted tiny exertion server oregon operational database server, with constricted virtualization requirements. Smaller businesses with basal record and people needs, and up to 25 employees, tin instrumentality the enactment of the Essentials release.

Windows Server 2022 is disposable successful the Microsoft Volume Licensing Center for customers with existing licensing agreements, oregon successful the Azure Marketplace for usage arsenic an Azure virtual machine. You tin besides download valuation versions from the Windows  Evaluation Center, with ISO and VHD installer options.

Microsoft is licensing Windows Server 2022 utilizing a per-core licensing model, with CALs required for users and devices accessing your servers. Like Windows Server 2019, licenses are sold successful 2- and 16-core packs with a minimum of 8 cores per processor and 16 halfway licenses per server.

  • Essentials: $501 (per server licensing). No CALs required.
  • Standard: $972 (for 16 cores). CALs required.
  • Datacenter: $6,155 (for 16 cores). CALs required.

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